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What Is Hepatocellular Damage?

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Hepatocellular damage occurs when Hepatocyte cells are affected in the liver. These cells make up 70 to 80 per cent of the cytoplasmic mass of the liver. Cytoplasm is a thick liquid which exists between the cell membrane that holds the organelles, which are a sub unit within a cell.

Hepatocyte cells help to perform several different functions. These can include protein synthesis, protein storage, transformation of carbohydrates, synthesis of cholesterol/bile salt/phospholipids and the detoxification, modification and excretion of exogenous and endogenous substances. Hepatocyte cells also carry out the formation and secretion of bile. Hepatocellular damage would therefore be damage to the cells in the liver.

The liver is a vital organ in the human body which carries out several important functions. These include detoxification, protein synthesis and the production of bio-chemicals that are used for digestion. These processes are made possible through the Hepatocyte cells. Detoxification is a key process where toxins are removed from the body.

At present there is no device that can replicate all the functions the liver carries out. However, if a patient's liver is failing they can be put on dialysis. This is often used if a patient's liver fails and toxins are accumulating in the body. As the liver cannot deal with the toxins, a dialysis machine removes the toxins from the body. However, this is not a long-term solution; rather it is a temporary treatment while a patient awaits further treatment, most likely a liver transplant.

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