Define The Term Attention. Discuss The Objective And Subjective Factors Of Attention With Suitable Illustration And State How Knowledge Of This Would Be Of Use To A Class Room Teacher?


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Liam Sheasby answered
Attention is the cognitive (mental) process of specifically focusing on a select task or a select occurrence in an environment. In the scenario of a classroom, it is the ability to focus on the task at hand, this is most likely the content of a lesson.

Attention is a basic skill but often one that some people find difficult. The brain has to concentrate on one thing whilst equally blocking out others. So for example, in the classroom the brain has to focus on the voice or instructions of the teacher whilst ignoring distraction from fellow pupils.

The ability to direct attention and focus is an executive function which develops during early childhood. It is the ability, as an infant, to pursue and to learn and a form of determination.

It is argued by a variety of studies that it's a key part of the nature versus nurture debate. Some experts claim that people have natural mental capacity and as such are randomly and genetically limited to the degree of mental function they have. Others suggest that those infants who are thoroughly nurtured by their parents, in terms of engaging them in activities such as playing and reading, progress quicker and speed up the conscientious nature of thought and self control

This theory proposes that children taught the basics at an earlier stage than others, perhaps before they start early schooling would progress at a better rate of development, and once they have the capacity to focus they have the capacity to learn and excel.

In the past decade there has been an incredible rise in cases of ADHD - Attention Deficit Hyperactivity Disorder. The topic is an extremely controversial and has been the subject of much debate between experts and journalists alike; are there more cases of ADHD due to poor parenting, due to modern environmental factors, or simply has medicine and well-being knowledge advanced to the point we're more aware of it?  

It is estimated that 4.7% of adults in the United States have ADHD. The primarily attention focused symptoms are the repeated missing of details, not remembering things, easily distracted, often alternating focus and often being bored unless doing an enjoyable task.

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