What Does Occipital Mean?


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Arun Raj answered
Occipital means "relating to the occipital bone or the occiput." Occiput is the back of the head or the skull. The occipital bone is a curved, saucer shaped bone that forms the lower part of the skull.

Occipital is inserted by a large oval opening, the foramen magnum, which helps the cranial cavity or the skull to communicate with the vertebral canal. The occipital lobe is known as the visual centre of the brain. It is a posterior lobe of each cerebral hemisphere, having the shape of a three sided pyramid. The primary visual cortex of the occipital lobe is the Brodmann area or the V1. Situated in the rear part of the skull, the occipital lobe is the smallest of the four true lobes, and has functionalities like colour differentiation, movement perception and visuospatial processing.

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