How Does A Water Wheel Work?


11 Answers

Matthew Crist Profile
Matthew Crist answered
A water wheel is a machine used for converting the kinetic energy of free flowing water into useful forms of power. A water wheel consists of a large wooden or metal wheel, with a number of blades or buckets arranged on the outside rim forming the driving surface. Most commonly the wheel is mounted vertically on a horizontal axle. Vertical wheels can transmit power either through the axle or via a ring gear, both of which drive belts or gears. The wheel is usually mounted inside the mill building below the working floor. A jet of water is directed on to the paddles of the water wheel, causing them to turn. This is a simple system, usually used without gearing so that the axle of the water wheel becomes the spindle of the mill. This system is sometimes called the Norse mill. In a sense it is the ancestor of the modern turbine.
Water wheels were first used back in ancient Greece and continued to be in commercial use well into the 20th century, but they are no longer in common use. Water mills where used for milling flour and grinding wood into pulp for paper making, while other uses involved foundry work and machining as well as pounding linen.
Some water wheels are fed by water from a pond which has formed when a flowing stream has been dammed. A channel for the water flowing to or from a water wheel is called a mill race and is customarily divided into sections.
Development of water turbines during the Industrial revolution led to decreased popularity of water wheels. The main advantage of turbines is that ability to harness hydraulic head is much greater than the diameter of the turbine, whereas a water wheel cannot effectively harness a hydraulic head greater than its diameter. The migration from water wheels to modern turbines took about one hundred years.
Another difficulty of water wheels is their dependence on flowing water, which limits where they can be located. Modern hydroelectric dams can be viewed as the descendants of the water wheel as they take advantage of the movement of water downhill.
Anonymous Profile
Anonymous answered
A water wheel works by, when the force of the water hit the wheel, it moves and when it moves it is powering the power generator. When the water comes down it creates hydro electric and when it his the wheel and move it is a Kinetic energy.
Akshay Kalbag Profile
Akshay Kalbag answered
A water wheel is a hydropower system. It was used mainly in the Middle Ages for the purpose of extracting power from the flow of water. It consists of a large wheel. This wheel is either made of wood or of metal.

The wheel has a number of blades or buckets. They are arranged on the outside rim and form the driving surface. The wheel is usually mounted vertically on a horizontal axle. On the other hand, the tub, which is also called the Norse wheel, is mounted horizontally on a vertical shaft.

The vertical wheels transmit power either through the axle or through a ring gear. They usually drive belts or gears. On the other hand, the horizontal wheels directly drive over their head. Water flows through a channel, which is called a tailrace.
nettie Profile
nettie answered
Water is powerful,and it is a known fact,look at some of the water disasters and watch the water move and carry things,there is no match for it that is one of the natural forces along with wind and fire all natural forces and non can compare or be reckon with...
Anonymous Profile
Anonymous answered
I need an Answer that doesn't include hard words

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