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What Are The Advantages And Disadvantages Of Natural Vegetative Propagation In Plants?

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There are two types of vegetative propagation in plants. One is natural vegetative propagation whereas the other is known as artificial vegetative propagation which includes cutting, layering, marcotting, budding and grafting. The advantages of the natural vegetative propagation in plants are listed below.

Advantages:
1.It does not need external agencies, e.g. insects and wind, for pollination and dispersal
2.Since food is usually present in the vegetative structure, a rapid development of buds into daughter plants can take place.
3.The daughter plants resemble the parent plant in every way. Beneficial or desirable qualities in the parent plant are passed on directly to the young plants without any change.
4.This type of propagation involves only one parent and no fertilization is required.
5.Since plants are already in a suitable habitat, they can colonize the area more rapidly.

The main disadvantages of natural vegetative propagation in plants are as following.
1.The lack of any dispersal mechanism may lead to overcrowding, so the new plants may suffer owing to competition for light and food.
2.The new plants are less varied compared to those produced by seeds, thus they may be less adaptable to changes in environmental conditions.

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