Although we are unable to see the nature of a seed initially, once it has germinated, we are able to decipher whether it is a monocot or a dicot.
The term 'mono' in itself generally refers to 'one', or 'singular.' Therefore a monocot contains only one seed leaf. The seed leaf of a monocot generally follows the same pattern or design as it's adult parent, being long and thin. In general, the most commonly identified monocots are crops such as oats, barley, wheat and sweetcorn.
Other common examples of monocots include:
- Sweet potatoes
This term, on the other hand, refers to a two cotyledons system. Most vegetation found are dicots, making this the most common form of seed.
Common examples of dicots include:
I hope this helps.