What Is "Universal Precaution" And Why Is It So Important?


4 Answers

Denise Knutter Profile
Denise Knutter answered
Universal Precautions
"Universal Precautions" should be followed by ALL personnel at ALL times on ALL patients. The use of Universal
Precautions is based on an individual's skills and interaction with patient's body substance, non-intact skin, and
mucous membrane. This applies to all personnel at all times regardless of the patient's diagnosis. These
precautions apply to personnel performing all "invasive procedures."
1. Alt patients must be regarded as potentially infected with blood-borne pathogens.
2. Strict hand washing must be practiced before and after each patient contact. HANDS MUST BE WASHED
3. Gloves should be worn:
A. If soiling with blood or body fluids is anticipated,
b. For placement of intravenous lines.
C. Gloves should not be reused.
4. Gowns or aprons should be worn during procedures that are likely to generate splashes of blood or other body
fluids and if soiling with blood or body fluids is likely.
5. Masks and protective eyewear (goggles) should be worn during procedures that are likely to generate droplets
or splashes of blood or other body fluids to prevent exposure of mucous membranes of the mouth, nose arid
6. Articles contaminated with blood or body fluids should be discarded:
A. If disposable, in red bags labeled "infectious waste."
b. Non-disposable items should be cleaned with a hospital approved disinfectant and sent to Central Services
for sterilization.
7. Care should be taken to avoid needle-stick injuries. Used needles should not be recapped or bent; they should
be placed in a prominently labeled puncture resistant container designated specially for such disposal. You
may prefer to administer all drugs, via stopcock, to avoid recapping needles.
8. Blood spills should be cleaned up promptly with a solution of 5.25% sodium hypochforite diluted with Water
(1:10 household bleach).
9. Health care workers who have exudative lesions or weeping dermatitis should refrain from all patient care and
handling equipment until the condition is resolved.
10. To minimize the need for emergency mouth-to-mouth resuscitation, disposable mouth pieces, resuscitation
bags or other ventilation devices should be available for use,
11. Pregnant health care workers should strictly adhere to precautions to minimize the risk of HIV transmission.
12. All specimens must be contained in a leak-proof plastic bag labeled 'bio-hazard."
Anonymous Profile
Anonymous answered
Standard Precautions
• Definition: A group of infection prevention practices that apply to all patients,
regardless of suspected or confirmed infection status.
• It is assumed that every person is potentially infected or colonized with a
transmissible organism
These include:
A. Hand hygiene
B. Appropriate use of gloves, gowns and masks (or personal protective
equipment, PPE)
C. Respiratory Hygiene/Cough Etiquette
D. Decontamination
E. Handling of linen
F. Correct disposal of sharps and waste

To prevent cross transmission from one patient to another and from patient to HCP in all
areas of the hospital and outpatient clinics.

Roshan Hadwani, ICN
AKUH, Karachi, Pakistan
nabwire scarlet Profile
nabwire scarlet answered
Universal precaution is the prevention of more exposure to pathogenic agents. It requires an individual to assume any
material to be infectious and to act accordingly. Including washing hands, protective equipments.e.t.c.
Aisha Profile
Aisha answered
It comes under the umbrella of health & safety. Universal Precaution is  the minimal standard of work performance which prevents the exposure to pathogenic agents
It includes education, personal protective equipment, hand washing, and employing safe work practices etc.

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