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3. How Does Plant Cloning Compare To Animal Cloning?

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Plants can be cloned through several different methods ranging from a simple cutting, (a form of vegetative propagation) to tissue culture. A cutting is made exactly like it sounds, a piece of plant, frequently a stem, is cut into sections and treated with a hormone to stimulate root formation and placed into soil to develop roots and leaves.

In tissue culture a piece of plant, for example a small bit of leaf, is converted into a growing cell mass (tissue culture) and through hormone treatment stimulating root and shoot growth. Tissue culture is carried out in sterile conditions. Some plants "clone" themselves through formation of seed produced without fertilization in a process called "apomyxis".

"Cloning" in animals can refer to several procedures but since the birth of Dolly the sheep in 1996 the term is generally associated with producing an exact genetic copy of an animal from a single somatic (non-reproductive) cell in a process known as Somatic Cell Nuclear Transfer (SCNT). Multiple copies of an animal can be produced by splitting an early stage embryo into two or more embryos. For more information on animal cloning please visit www.viagen.com.
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Plants die directly after cloning. But animals reproduce rapidly and die after their third year of baby making.  Its a long, very sad story.

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