It is normally caused when the normal or proper functioning of the body is affected because the body's organs have malfunctioned, not working or the actual cellular structures have changed over a period of time causing illness. Therefore the majority of diseases and ailments you will be able to name as they fall under the physiological category. However some of the most common include Diabetes, Crohn’s Disease and Cardiovascular problems.
Crohn's disease is also termed as regional enteritis. This is an inflammatory intestinal disease that can affect any part of the gastrointestinal tract running from the mouth to anus, causing a wide variety of symptoms including abdominal pain, diarrhoea which can be painful and discomforting, vomiting, or significant weight loss. Other features might include skin rashes, arthritis, and inflammation of the eye, tiredness and lack of concentration.
It can affect males as well as females but those who smoke are two times more likely to develop Crohn's disease than non-smokers. The number of people who suffer with Crohn's disease is between 400,000 and 600,000 people in North America. Yet mainly people residing in Northern Europe tend to have this more than others.
Crohn's disease tends to affect people those who are in their teens and twenties, though the disease can occur at any age. Unfortunately there is no known pharmaceutical or surgical cure for Crohn's disease with treatment options restricted to just controlling the symptoms, maintaining remission, and preventing a further relapse.
The disease is actually named after American gastroenterologist Burrill Bernard Crohn, who, in 1932, discovered a series of patients with inflammation of the terminal ileum - the area that is most commonly affected by the illness.