The People's Republic of China was compelled to introduce the Planned Birth Policy or the One Child Policy due to the ever growing population of China. China is supposed to be the number one in world population. The government is trying to control the population by allowing just one child per family. This has helped the Chinese population to come under control. This policy has received many criticisms from the people of China due to its harshness. Women are forced to abortions and forced to control their baby's birth. The overpopulation of China caused many economic problems such as lack of food, water, shelter and other basic amenities.