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How Are The Components Of Crude Oil Separated By Distillation?

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Akshay Kalbag Profile
Akshay Kalbag answered
The components of crude oil are separated by a process which is known as fractional distillation. Crude oil is made of different components whose sizes, weights and boiling temperatures are different from each other.

When the crude oil is heated with high pressure steam at a high temperature, it boils and forms vapour. The vapour enters a fractional distillation column and settled in the trays of the column. The trays have holes in them which raise the contact time among the vapour and liquids.

The vapour rises in the column and cools, the hotter substances settle at the bottom of the column and the cooler substances rise to the top of the column. The substances in the vapour condense and the fractions of liquid collect in the tray and pass to condensers and storage tanks.
thanked the writer.
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Anonymous commented
The problem with crude oil is that it contains hundreds of different types of hydrocarbons all mixed together. You have to separate the different types of hydrocarbons to have anything useful. Fortunately there is an easy way to separate things, and this is what oil refining is all about.

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Anonymous answered
Crude oil is separated by using a method called Distillation. Crude Oil is made from components that are different from one another. It contains many hydrocarbons.

When Crude Oil is heated steam comes off it and produces vapour. The vapour is then set into a column. The vapour rises up the column and looses its heat. The hotter substances stay at the bottom of the column and the colder substances rise up to the top of the column.
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Anonymous answered
It can be separated by distillation
obtained at different temperature while heating crude oil
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Anonymous answered
I don't know thats y I'm asking?

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