There are different types of Trade Unions operating today. Some of them are:
- Craft of Skills Unions: These unions represent the skilled workers. Example: MU or Musicians Union.
- Industrial Unions: These unions represent the different industries. Example: FBU or Fire Brigade Union.
- General Unions: They represent workers from different industries and any level of skill. Example: Manufacturing Science and Finance Union.
- White Collar Unions: They represent office workers. Example: National Union of Teachers.
The industrial unions represent the rights and protection of workers related to industries or any particular industry. So unions vary from industry to industry and organization to organization. Every union has some mission and objectives which is different from other unions. The motive of these unions is to bargain from the top management of any organization for wages, allowances and bonuses and it is called collective bargaining. Modern trade unions are not limited to just increments and pay but they are real advocates of workers' rights. So this is the working of the trade unions.
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A particular employee often has a variety of reasons for joining a union. Frequently, it is the only avenue towards obtaining a job. In three-fourth of the labor contracts of this nation, union membership is compulsory for which management can find to substitute, a sense of freedom from arbitrary management action. A theoretically perfect management could provide more than fair hours, wages and working conditions as well as institute a most complete and effective human relations and integration program.
But there is no way other than through organized and collective force that an employee can feel independent enough to challenge the actions of formal superiors in management. Perfect management cannot give this desired sense of freedom and importance. The ability to offer freedom from actual or potential arbitrary management decrees and actions concerning the industrial lives of employees is a primary source of strength for the labor union.