The quality and the number of livestock are also covered when analyzing the statistics of agriculture, and the same principles apply. The demand and previous year's output should be taken into account and the statistics are the most effective way to monitor these factors.
Improvement in production is another factor that can be taken into account, as the cheaper it is to produce a quality product, the higher the margin of profit will be. In the United States, the National Agricultural Statistics Service is in charge of monitoring the statistics. The service looks at a number of different areas in regard to agriculture including:
• Facilities for livestock
• Facilities for dairy
• The use of fertilizers and pesticides
Fertilizer and pesticide use needs to be monitored, this is done by checking the usage on individual crops.
The service is also committed to educating the relevant people by producing regular publications which provide not only statistics but also useful information on regulations and new programs that are being introduced. NASS takes on board what their stakeholders have to say and follow these recommendations, so their role is not only about producing statistics for the agricultural markets, but also assisting in producing a higher quality of products.