What Is The Uses Of Chemistry In Engineering Field?


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Iris Phillips Profile
Iris Phillips answered
The use of chemistry within the field of engineering can broadly be divided into two main areas. The first area is concerned with the application of chemistry as the basis of power generating machinery, such as combustion engines, for example. Knowledge of chemistry and chemical reactions is required in the design and subsequent production of such power generating equipment.

The second area of use is chemical engineering, where the main purpose is to transform raw materials into more valuable or useful forms. Chemical engineers use their knowledge of chemistry to design, improve and maintain processes involving chemical and/ or biological transformations for use within large scale manufacture.

Individual processes, such as distillation, filtration, etc, are known as unit operations. These unit operations consist of a combination of chemical reactions, momentum-, heat- and mass-transfer operations. Sets of unit operations are then put together in varying configurations with the purpose of chemical separation and/ or synthesis.

Chemical engineering design is subject to three underlying, primary physical laws, namely the conservation of mass, momentum and energy. Movements of energy and mass involved in a chemical process are evaluated by applying laws of energy and mass balances to all parts of equipment, unit operations and indeed an entire plant.

Principles of reaction kinetics, thermodynamics and fluid mechanics, as well as transport phenomena are all elements to be taken into consideration during this evaluation process. Technology now allows this process to be aided by complex software models, or process simulators, which are usually able to simulate a range of unit operations.

The line between chemistry and chemical engineering is continually becoming thinner. Modern chemical engineers are now using their knowledge of chemistry, mathematics and physics to develop (or design), implement and produce their ideas for a range of products; suitable for medical, aviation, space and military uses.
Jenson Paguio Profile
Jenson Paguio answered
What is the importance of chemistry in the course engineering?
Alexandra Grayson Profile

When I had to do my engineering assignment I learnt that engineering incorporates basic principles of such branches of chemistry as physical chemistry, inorganic chemistry, organic chemistry, analytical chemistry, surface chemistry, biochemistry, geochemistry, fuel chemistry, polymer chemistry, cement chemistry, materials chemistry, and asphalt chemistry. Basically to be an engineer you need to know of what the materials you are going to use consist and how those elements will influence the environment and people

Micheal Pellegrin Profile

The most important usage is connected to the screen protection elements. For instance, I ordered  several defenders for my screens of phone and laptop. And it is great to work with them.

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