Can You Give The Importance Of Carbon In Living Organisms?


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saima jabeen answered
Carbon is the basic element of organic compounds. Due to its unique properties, carbon occupies the central position in the skeleton of life.Carbon is tetravalent. It can react with many other known elements forming covalent bonds.When a carbon atom combines with four atoms or radicals, the four bonds are arranged symmetrically in a tetrahedron, and result to give a stable configuration. The stability with the tetravalency of carbon atoms makes it a favourable element for the synthesis of complicated cellular structure.

Carbon atoms can also combine mutually forming stable, branched or unbranched chains or rings. This stability of carbon is responsible for the vast variety of organic compounds. C-C bonds form a skeleton of organic molecules.Carbon combines commonly with other elements like H, O, N, P and S. Combinations with these other elements contribute to the large variety of organic compounds.

Carbon and hydrogen bond is the potential source of energy for cellular activities.
Large organic molecule such as cellulose, fats, proteins are generally insoluble in water, hence they form structures of cells. They also serve as storage foe smaller molecules like glucose, which turn, are responsible for providing energy to the body.The covalent bonds are formed when two or more atoms complete their electron shells by sharing electrons. When an electron pair is shared between two atoms, a single covalent bond is formed.

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