What Are Elements? What Are The Different Types Of Elements Adn Where Can We Find Them?


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All material things on earth are made up of one or more elements. Elements are substances that have atoms of only one kind.Any one element may have some of the same properties that other elements have, but no two elements are exactly alike. For example, hydrogen and helium are colorless, odorless, and tasteless gases.

They are both light, but helium is heavier. Hydrogen burns, but helium will not.
All elements have a certain weight. They can be a solid, a liquid, or a gas. Some will dissolve in water. Others must be heated to a certain temperature before they will change from a solid to a liquid or to a gas. These characteristics are called "the physical properties" of elements.

After scientists studied the physical and chemical properties of elements, they grouped the elements that were alike together. These elements are called "chemical families".

All the families were combined into "the periodic table of elements". They were listed in order of their "atomic number". The atomic number of an element depends on how many protons, particles with a positive charge, the atom of each element contains. A hydrogen atom has one proton and its atomic number is one, so it is first on the periodic table.

Some elements are named after people or places or countries: Einsteinium, Europium, Germanium, Californium, and Scandium. Among the familiar elements are carbon, copper, gold, iron, lead, mercury, nickel, platinum, tin, radium and silver.

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