What Are The 10 Basic Functions Of Communications?


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Samantha Mitchell Profile
Communications processes begin with a simplistic function that contains three parts. From these three basic functions, the seven functions can be derived. The main three functions are:
  • Sender
  • Message
  • Receiver
These three steps are quite self explanatory and in a one way communication, the process and function of communication has ended; the sender sent a message to the receiver.

There is also a cyclical effect, in which the sender sends a message to the receiver who receives it, writes a response, and sends the response, this reverses the first and last roles respectively.

Therefore, 10 basic functions of communication include sender, message, receiver, and response. The cycle can continue on and on until the sender and receiver are satisfied that the communication is clear and complete.
The other seven functions of communication are:
  • To send a message
  • To receive a message
  • To respond
  • To make clear the intention of the communication
  • To further clarify the communication
  • To end the communication
  • To create new communication
Within the basic functions there are many ways to communicate, such as speech and written. There are also nonverbal forms of communication that use body language, eye contact, sign language, and much more.
All communication serves to provide a conversation among one or more people. Communication may be used to send code, to answer a question, to supply an answer, and to clarify.
In forms of digital communication such as email, you always have an emissary and destination in which codifying and de-codifying is used to make the communication complete. A transmitter is also used in the communication process to encode the message to be sent, meaning it can be sent in varying forms which the receiver then has to decode so the message can be understood.

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