It really depends on which model you have studied--there are thousands, and each defines stages of communication in different ways. A simplified model would look something like this; to explain in more detail, try providing some examples of each step using a scenario, like a patiuent talking with a nurse or caregiver about their treatment/health concerns. (I hope this helps and is what you were looking for. Let me know if you need something other than this.)
1. The sender has an idea (cognition) that she wants to relate
2. The sender forms and encodes the idea - (words, expressions, gestures /body language)
3. The sender notes the listener's readiness (body language, other cues) and transmits the msg - speaks the words, communicates through body language, intonation)
4. The receiver takes in the msg (listening, hearing)
5. The receiver decodes/understands the msg
6. Feedback to sender by receiver (through body language, verbal response)
The communication cycle helps explain how we decode information that is being communicated to us and explains how we have to work out what another person’s behaviour really means. The communication cycle is subdivided into 6 stages:
1. An idea occurs – this is the very first stage of the cycle, which is when you have an idea that you want to communicate.
2. Message coded – in this stage you think through how you are going to communicate what you are thinking and begin to put your thoughts into language, or even codes such as sign language.
3. Message sent – at this point you send your message in a form of speaking, writing or other ways such as sign language or Braille.
4. Message received – this stage focuses on the other person who has to sense the message by hearing your words or seeing your symbols.
5. Message decoded – this is a vital stage of the communication cycle where the other person has to now interpret the message. This is not always easy, as the other person will make assumptions about your words and body language.
6. Message understood – the final stage of the communication cycle is when the message is understood and they are able to communicate effectively.
Communication is a fundamental part of all of our lives. There are many
different methods of communication and we are gaining more and more all
the time. Communication ranges from a note stuck on the fridge door, to
video conferencing and phoning. The communication cycle is a structure
that was thought up about how we communicate.
It suggests that we 'Aim' what we want to say, how
we'll say it, what we want the other person to do with the information.
This is the stage in which we think particularly about how we will
communicate the information and to who we wish to communicate with.
Once we have organized what we want to say, who to say it to and how to
say it, we have to consider social influences and other things that may
'change' what we want to say. This is the 'Encoding' stage. We
have to consider what language to say it in, what we assume of the
receiver and are these assumptions correct? We also have to consider
what the Receiver may be assuming about US. Their assumptions may
hinder and change what we say. The next stage is vital in successful
communication. This stage is the 'Transmission' stage. We need
to be able to transmit the message that we wish to communicate in right
format and at the correct time. We need to consider if there will be
any distractions to hinder our communication attempt, if we need to
summarize and if we can add anything to increase the clarity of what we
are trying to say. When we receive the information from someone, if
they are speaking, we must take into account that we think 3 times
faster than we speak, and therefore, it is much easier for a speaker's
words to get muddled up with other thoughts and distractions. Reactions
and questions must not happen until after the speaker has finished with
what they were saying. This stage is called 'Receiving'. The next stage in the Communication Cycle is called 'Decoding'.
This is the opposite of encoding. If the Sender has transmitted the
information correctly and has given enough attention to what they are
saying, including their body language and tone of voice, then you
should be able to decode their message effectively. We may sometimes
feel that some Senders are not approachable in certain circumstances,
but we must remember, the meaning of the message is the responsibility
of the Sender and not the Receiver. The last stage in the Communication
Cycle is 'Responding'. This gives the Receiver the chance to
ask any questions and this also gives the Sender the chance to realize
if they have missed out any stages in the Communication Cycle.
Communication cycle is the process of communicate between people. The communication cycle is a structure that shows how we communicate. One of the principle of effective communication is to be clear and understood.
In this stage, the sender replies and has the opportunity to ask questions.
Communication cycle is divided into different stages:
What we want to say, how we want to say and to whom. To consider in which language we want to say.
Consider what the receiver may be assuming about the sender.
The sender is able to transmit the information in the right time and format.
The receiver is able to understand the information, where the meaning of the message is responsibility of the sender
It is the feedback the response of the receiver
It starts from the sender or the encoder (the one who brings message) then it goes directly to the receiver or the decoder ( the one who receives), after he receive a message then he automatically reply. That is term as FEEDBACK channel then it goes back to the sender, he is now term as the decoder because he receives the message. It's rally a cycle.