What Is The Function Of SAARC?


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SAARC, which stands for "South Asian Association for Regional Cooperation" is made up of a group of south Asian nations and is an organization dedicated to economic, technological, culture and was formed in December 1985. It originally started off with 7 countries but Afghanistan joined the organization in 2005. The members of Saarc are;

• Bangladesh
• Bhutan
• India
• Maldives
• Nepal
• Pakistan
• Sri Lanka
• Afghanistan

The idea of Saarc was first adopted by Bangladesh in 1977 by President Ziaur Rahman.

Saarc members work hard to form bonds of trust and understanding. There are many areas of cooperation; these include, agriculture, rural development, health, population control, narcotics control and anti terrorism and child welfare.

The heads of state meet up annually, this is called the Saarc Summit, these summits are held different times of the year and in different countries, the very first summit was held in Dhaka in December 1985. So far there have been 14 Saarc Summits. This is an opportunity for the heads of state to talk about their countries' futures and to set aims and objectives. If no objectives are set then plans cannot be made and nothing will be achieved.

Some of Saarc's main objectives include;

• To improve the quality of life and welfare of the people of the member countries.
• To accelerate economic growth.
• To promote active collaboration and mutual assistance in the economic, social, cultural, technical and scientific fields.
• To promote and strengthen collective self-reliance among the countries of south Asia.
• To contribute to mutual trust, understanding and appreciation of one another's problems.

Although heads of state meet up annually the foreign secretaries meet twice annually.

Saarc headquarters itself in Kathmandu, Nepal.

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