How Are Bacteria Cells Different From Plant And Animal Cells?

15 Answers

amber Jhon Profile
amber Jhon answered
There are various differences between the animals/plants and bacterial cells, however the major difference is that animals and plants have euokaryotic cells while bacteria have prokaryotic cells. This major difference creates a number of difference among the bacteria, animals and plants. Secondly, bacterial cells are very smaller in size as compare to the cells of animals/plants. Thirdly, bacterial cells do not have membranous structures like animals/plants cells. The genetic material is not present in nucleus but it floats in the bacterial cells, however in animal/plant cells proper nucleus is present in which the genetic material is present. Moreover, plants/animal cells are very complex in nature while bacterial cells are very simple cells.
Anonymous Profile
Anonymous answered
Bacteria cells consist of
- capsule
- ribosomes
- nucleoid
- flagellum
- cell wall
- cell surface membrane
- plasmid

Animal and plant cells consist of
- nucleus
- mitrochondria
- chloroplasts
- vacuole
Anonymous Profile
Anonymous answered
Ignore the other dude completely...
Some differences include:
Animal cells do not have a cell wall while bacteria and plants do
bacteria does not have a nucleus
bacteria sometimes have a flagellum
animal and plant cells have vacuoles
bacteria cells can help you or make you sick....
=]
S. AKASH. Profile
S. AKASH. answered
Bacteria are uni-cellular which means it has a single cell and survives on its own.but in animal and plant cells,the cells are joined together to perform works.
Anonymous Profile
Anonymous answered
A bacteria cell lacks nuclear membrane,mitochondria,golgi bodies,endoplasmic reticulum,cellulose cell wall,DNA shape is different.they may pocess a flagellum for movement.
amber Jhon Profile
amber Jhon answered
Bacterial cells are different from other organisms but bacterial cells
are prokaryotic cells. There are two kinds of cells including
prokaryotic and eukaryotic cells. Bacterial cells lack the membrane
bounded organelles in them therefore, nuclear membrane is absent and
the genetic material floats in the cell. Secondly, cells of bacteria
are very small as compare to the cells of the other organisms. Thirdly,
bacteria consists of single cells and the organisms can have multicells
which can function together.
Anonymous Profile
Anonymous answered
Bacteria cell has no mitochondria ,chloroplast, ER, Golgi body and nucleus but it has a ribosome but bacteria ribosome is smoller compare eukariotic cell.
Anonymous Profile
Anonymous answered
I disagree. In a bacteria cell, there is no mitochondria, no ribosomes, and no nucleus. Sry, your WRONG.
serena williams Profile
serena williams answered
Bacteria Cells :
Bacteria are single-celled organisms and
represent some of the least complicated forms of life on earth and bacteria are
called 'procaryotes' - which means they have a type of cell which has no
internal, organizing structures (called organelles).  The DNA, RNA,
ribosomes, and other important features of all cells, are simply in one compartment. Mitrochondria contain their own DNA, and
duplicate themselves independently.  Mitochondria are inherited only from
the mother!



Animal cells :
However as you are aware that b
oth plant and animal cells are bigger than the cells. 
They are also much, much more organized.   Scientists call plant and
animal cells 'eukaryotes' just because they are organized.  These cells
organize their insides by the job being done



With Animal Cells we look at the specialized function of
different cell types and what they do in the body.  These
specialized functions are reflected in special proteins and organelles
- sometimes just found in greater numbers than found in other animal
cells.


For example, the heart cell is a muscle cell and therefore contains
specialized proteins called 'actin' and 'myosin'.  These proteins
are arranged in fibers that slide back and forth so that the full
length of the fibers are either long (relaxed) or short (contracted). 
It takes energy in the form of ATP to do the work of contraction and
therefore muscle cells have a high number of mitochondria. 
Mitochondria are the organelles that make ATP for use in cells as an
energy source.  They make ATP by breaking down sugar into CO2.


Heart cells are specialized muscle cells and function automatically -
as opposed to a voluntary motion, such as walking.


Another specialized cell discussed is the white blood cell which is
necessary for  killing bacteria that get into the body  -
also known as an 'infection'.  These cells have a super abundance
of plasma membrane.  While not usually thought of as an
organelle, the plasma membrane is an amazingly complex and highly
functional part of any cell.  In the case of white blood cells,
the plasma membrane contains the proteins that recognize bacteria. 
These specialized proteins are able to track down the bacteria, make
the white blood cell actually move to the bacteria, and then engulf
the bacteria.  Other specialized organelles then fuse with the
plasma membrane and dump highly toxic enzymes right up next to the
bacteria so they will be killed.Plant cells : Their cells
are organized with intracellular structures called 'organelles'.  This
makes them 'eurkaryotes'.  Plant and animal cells share some of the
same type of organelles, but there are differences as well.


These organelles have specialized functions.  The nucleus
contains the DNA.  Proteins are synthesized in ribosome complexes, many
of which are attached to the Endoplasmic Reticulum. 


One of the organelles unique to plant cells are chloroplast. 
These organelles contain the structures needed to use light energy to change
carbon dioxide into sugar.  In catalyzing these reactions, the
by-product is O2, which is emitted into the atmosphere. 
Anonymous Profile
Anonymous answered
Bacterial cells are different from other organisms but bacterial cells are prokaryotic cells. There are two kinds of cells including prokaryotic and eukaryotic cells. Bacterial cells lack the membrane bounded organelles in them therefore, nuclear membrane is absent and the genetic material floats in the cell. Secondly, cells of bacteria are very small as compare to the cells of the other organisms. Thirdly, bacteria consists of single cells and the organisms can have multicells which can function together.
Anonymous Profile
Anonymous answered
This was a question on my homework which I had no idea at all what the answer was so thanks for having it here!
Anonymous Profile
Anonymous answered
The  difference is that  bacteria mostly doesn't have cell walls and plants does and animals don't @t all! Thank you

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