Carbon is basically a non-metallic and tetravalent chemical element. Carbon is usually in a very stable form and needs high temperatures in order to reach with other chemical elements.
Carbon is essential for all forms of life. It is, thus, one of the most abundant elements around the world. Due to this fact, Carbon has been known to mankind since ancient and prehistoric times. It was present in the form of Soot and Charcoal. Rene A . F de Reaumur was the first person who discovered that carbon is absorbed by iron to make it steel. The actual presentation of this chemical element to the world was by Claude Louis Berthollet and Gaspard Monge and C.A. Vandermonde.