# How Does Temperature Affect The Bounce Of A Ball?

The type of rubber used along with the surface area and thickness of the materials used will all play roles in determining in the initial bounce of the ball.  With that being said, there are many different types of balls, in all shapes, sizes and thicknesses.  Each of these will be affected in different ways.  The simplest answer is that temperature affects various balls in different ways and can influence the bounce as a result.

There are many variables when you consider what a ball is.  There are differing sizes, and uses and other physical characteristics.  Certain rubber compounds used to form a ball will become less bouncy when exposed to heat while others will have more of a bounce.  In reverse, they are also prone to react to cold temperatures.

A tennis ball and a golf ball are far different in their composition and react very differently when dropped at the same height.  They both bounce and both get a quick and relatively long bounces but they are not equal.  Their reactions to temperature are different as well.  A soccer ball, basketball or kick ball have much more air than actual mass and are more likely affected by extreme temperature changes because of this.

Understanding the variables that go into determining the effect temperatures may have on a bouncing ball is a great start to creating a hypothesis for an experiment.

In most every day activities, one would scarcely notice deterioration in the bounce of a ball without careful studying of the object over time.  So, while yes, there are certain conditions that will affect the bounce of a ball, it is rarely an issue outside of professional or competitive sports.   Why not choose three different types of balls and do an experiment with the kids?
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When a ball is colder the air molecules inside of the ball slow down. This is because heat produces energy. A ball needs energy to bounce well. The temperature of a substance is a result of the speed at which its molecules are moving. The faster the molecules are moving, the higher the temperature of the substance. This basically means that molecules need to be moving fast to be at a better bounce.
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At high temperature the bounce of the ball increases as at high temp the energy of molecules is high.On impact it exerts greater pressure,so bounces back to greater height moreover at high temperature rubber become a bit soft and give some extra bounce.At low temperature the energy of molecules is less and ball is hard so its bounce decreases.Bounce
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The temperature
can affect the height that squash balls bounce. Squash balls are made up of air
molecules. When these air molecules are cold, they donâ€™t have a lot of energy
to move and slow down, therefore making the ball bounce little. When the air
molecules are warmed up, they gain energy as heat produces energy, and the ball
needs energy to bounce well. Also as the air molecules get warmer, and produce
more energy, there is an increase in pressure inside the ball. This increase in
pressure is also caused because the air molecules have lots of energy so they
frequently bang against the sides of the ball. This also causes the ball to
bounce higher. The air molecules then move faster due to kinetic energy :)
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Yes!  Temperature changes the dispersion of air molecules, so it is easier for something to move through warm air (more space between air molecules)--than through cold (because in cold air, the molecules are more dense).  Temperature will also cause the material of which the tennis ball to be more dense, and so suppleness is lost.  The ball will bounce better in warm air.  All physical compounds are impacted by temperature.
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The temperature affects the height of a rubber ball how? If you put a ball in room temperature and same for the other ball but put that ball in the freezer. For at least a half an hour but check them and test them out when an hour has gone by. The molecules stay the same sometimes even goes faster when its in room temperature but when its cold it will slow down.
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I did a big science investigation.. And it does effect.. The Hotter the ball, the higher it will go, because of the kinetic energy. When something is getting heated, kinetic energy is getting transfered. This will help when you bounce it, as kinetic energy is used when you drop the ball. The more kinetic energy, the more higher it will bounce. If that doesn't make any sense, well then sorry.. But.. I did prove it...
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But in turn when you superheat a rubber ball the ball contracts and actually ends up going less high than when it is cooled... You should try it and see .... Ive done this experiment before with rubber cored golf balls... What happened was I used water to make the balls go to certain degrees  and the data showed tht as the temperature increased , so did the height, until I hit a certain point in which heat no longer helped the golf balls but hurt it makeing it go less high then the cold balls. Rubber is an interesting material in that it contracts when heated and expands when cold if none of that helps you then I'm sorry the scientific term for it is entropy. Just look it up
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It affects the bounce since when temperature increases the pressure of air inside the ball also increases, increasing also the intensity of each bounce. But when the temperature drops, the pressure loosens so the ball will bounce shorter. ^^
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As the squash ball is heated the air particles inside the squash ball are gaining more energy. As the air particles inside the squash ball gain more energy the particles start to move faster and faster, bouncing of each other and off the surface of the inside of the squash ball. This created more pressures inside the squash ball so when it hits the ground there is less deformation of energy and more gravitation pretensions energy as it goes back upward.
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The fist step to known whether a bounce of a squash ball is affected by temperature you will need to assume that as the temperature raises the height at which the ball bounces also increases. And the reason to do this would be as the temperature increases it also leads to increase in the pressure within the ball. So if the pressure is higher the ball tends to bounce higher.

A squash ball generally comprises of air molecules. These are generally very fast moving and at a higher temperature the molecules within it move faster due to the kinetic energy. They also bng the walls within the squash ball harder and more frequently. This causes superior and rising pressure within the squash ball, which leads to a better bounce height.
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When a tennis ball is very cold or even frozen it will not bounce as high as it will when it is at a room temperature of 70 degrees or more.
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Definitely. I'm doing my science fair project on it
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What kind of a ball (material) ?

Air/Gas in it Expands/Contracts with Hotter/Colder temperatures.

If it is a SOLID ball, then it would actual chemical makeup of the ball would be called into question.

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The colder balls will bounce significantly lower than a room temperature ball. The warm balls bounce slightly higher than a room temperature ball.
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I did a experiment on golfballs and they bounced almost 20 centimeters whencolder. Temperature does effect
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Does the color of a ball affect how high it bounces
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A ball bounces higher when it is warm outside because the colder air is less dense then hotter air and so that lets the ball bounce higher in the heat then in the cold.
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No, temperature has nothing at all to do with the forces involved in bouncing a ball.
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That is the same question I asked but the difference's  is that I asked if the temperature affect the height of a tennis ball bounce.
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Anonymous commented
Temperature does affect a ball bounciness, I was doing the project with 3 different temperature hot, normal, and cold, the ball that bounced the most was the normal ball the second was cold and the third was the hot ball.
It will make bouncy balls bounce higher because the molecules gather together wich will make it bounce higher!
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