What Does The Endocrine System Do?


4 Answers

Patricia Devereux Profile
The endocrine system consists of six glands or hormones.
-- Adrenal glands: On top of the kidneys, they produce the "fight-or-flight" hormone adrenaline. The also control blood sugar, blood volume, and sexual development. Malfunction can cause weight gain.

-- Adrenal cortex: This produces the hormone cortisol when you are stressed; cortisol raises your blood pressure.
-- Pancreas: Produces the hormone insulin, which turns food into fuel. Malfunction can cause diabetes.

-- Parathyroid glands: On the sides of your throat, these glands control the calcium balance. If calcium gets too low, parathyroid is released, which strips your bones of calcium.
-- Thyroid gland: At the base of your neck, it releases the hormone thyroxine, which tells the body how fast to burn calories. Malfunction causes weight gain or loss.

-- Ovaries: Near women's wombs, they secrete estrogen, which regulates mensuration and protects bones from losing calcium.
Anonymous Profile
Anonymous answered
It regulates almost every aspect of the body controls the bodies hormones and releases hormones
Vincent Davis Profile
Vincent Davis answered
The endocrine system is a system of small organs that involve the release of extracellular signaling molecules known as hormones. The organs are the pineal gland, the pituitary gland, thyroid and thymus, adrenal gland, pancreas, ovary and testis.
Sudipa Sarkar Profile
Sudipa Sarkar answered
It is important for the body of an organism to perform a variety of complex coordinated physiological reactions every moment for its smooth running. These reactions account for the maintenance of most of the steady states or what is called the internal environment. To list a few examples of internal environment are blood glucose level, ionic composition, and pH of blood, arterial blood pressure, body temperature and water content of the body.

The internal environment of the body is controlled partly by the autonomic nervous system and partly by the endocrine glands. Unlike exocrine glands, endocrine glands are ductless because the secretions they produce do not leave the gland through a duct but pass directly from the cells into the blood stream. The secretions produced by endocrine glands are called hormones. A hormone may be defined as a chemical messenger which having been secreted by a ductless gland, is poured into and carried by the blood stream to a distant target organ where it exhibits its specific effects.

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