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What Is The Main Purpose Or Goal Of Research?

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Iris Phillips Profile
Iris Phillips answered
There is a multitude of reasons why research is undertaken, ranging from pure curiosity and a desire to understand how things work to expanding knowledge in order to advance humanities ability to achieve certain goals, such as healing diseases, or going into space. Some researchers simply want to expand their own knowledge, while others hope to make a new discovery bringing them fame and wealth.

Whatever the underlying reason, it becomes obvious that there is one common, main goal. This main goal common to researchers in all areas of science is simply to gain knowledge and understanding. Results are achieved through painstaking observation of experiments, trial and error situations based on simple concepts, and evaluation of the observations made. How the knowledge gained is ultimately put to use depends on the scientific area of research. In depth understanding of how cancer or AIDS develop, for instance, will ultimately lead to effective cures for both of these diseases to be found. Penicillin, one of the most common antibiotics available, was discovered following research prompted by a simple observation of a common factor in individuals not affected by certain complaints.

Research conducted to understand the ability of birds and insects to fly has ultimately led to humans taking to the air in man-made machines using the physics of flight as learned from this research. The list of uses gained from research is endless, but every bit of advancement humans have achieved can be traced back to the curiosity or need to gain understanding of various individuals throughout history.

To sum it up once again, the ultimate goal of research within any scientific area is to gain knowledge and understanding of how things work. The results of research can then be put to use in order to create advanced possibilities for humanity.
Alex hales Perry Profile

The purpose of research can be a complicated issue and varies across different scientific fields and disciplines. At the most basic level, science can be split, loosely, into two types, 'pure research' and 'applied research'.


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