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What Is The Structure And Function Of Simple Squamous Epithelium?

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Functions of Epithelial Tissue
• Protection
Epithelial cells from the skin protect underlying tissue from mechanical injury, harmful chemicals, invading bacteria and from excessive loss of water.
• Sensation
Sensory stimuli penetrate specialised epithelial cells. Specialised epithelial tissue containing sensory nerve endings is found in the skin, eyes, ears, nose and on the tongue.
• Secretion
In glands, epithelial tissue is specialised to secrete specific chemical substances such as enzymes, hormones and lubricating fluids.
• Absorption
Certain epithelial cells lining the small intestine absorb nutrients from the digestion of food.
• Excretion
Epithelial tissues in the kidney excrete waste products from the body and reabsorb needed materials from the urine. Sweat is also excreted from the body by epithelial cells in the sweat glands.
• Diffusion
Simple epithelium promotes the diffusion of gases, liquids and nutrients. Because they form such a thin lining, they are ideal for the diffusion of gases (eg. Walls of capillaries and lungs).
• Cleaning
Ciliated epithelium assists in removing dust particles and foreign bodies which have entered the air passages.
• Reduces Friction
The smooth, tightly-interlocking, epithelial cells that line the entire circulatory system reduce friction between the blood and the walls of the blood vessels
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Structure : Thin and flattened so thin the nuclei cause a bulge

function: For diffusion

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