Identify At Least Four Key Milestones In The Development Of Cognitive Psychology As A Discipline?


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Hannah Barton Profile
Hannah Barton answered
Four key milestones in the development of cognitive psychology include crucial work and progression by Alfred Adler, Dr Albert Ellis and Dr Aaron Beck.

One of the very first foundations of cognitive psychology is the ‘individual psychology of Dr Alfred Adler. Adlerian psychology was already pretty far along when Freud invited Adler (1902) to help create psychological treatments of the neuroses. Ten years later, after Freud had insisted that all members of the psycho-analytic society accept that sexual impulses are the chief factor in the forming of both normal and neurotic personality, Adler debated Freud and then left to form his own approach with a dozen members of Freud's group. His new approach became the basis for all the cognitive psychologies and therapies that would come later.

A second milestone can be the work of Dr. Albert Ellis in which he taught about his ‘Rational Emotive Therapy’ though this is said to have a great influence from the previous work mentioned earlier from Dr Alfred Adler.

A third milestone in the development of cognitive psychology is work by Dr Aaron Beck in 1975; which was to be the first of many books published about cognitive therapy. Although Beck somewhat claimed he had discovered the approach himself, many drew great comparisons with previous work from Dr. Albert Ellis and Dr Alfred Adler.

Bringing it forward to the present day and Adlerian psychology is currently experience somewhat of a resurgence with more and more psychotherapists agreeing with Adler’s original findings and theories.
Craig Boone Profile
Craig Boone answered
Technically, this can be answered more than one way. Jean Piaget originally pioneered clinical work for cognitive psychology, which strengthened its position as a discipline in general. However, at the time that he was championing its development, there were a series of discoveries regarding methods of research that had a dramatic impact on existing psychological forces.

Application of the scientific method (still debatable as to whether "scientific" is accurate), experimentation, catharsis, social learning theory, sample elements, and the understanding of inter-observer reliability were all critical components for psychological study.
Directly related to cognitive psychology in later years was the discovery of cognitive maps, place-learning, and negative//positive transfer of learning, which were all instrumental in increasing our knowledge of cognition and its application to the environment.

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