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What Are The Merits And Demerits Of Formal Communication?

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FORMAL COMMUNICATION
Communication takes place through the formal channels of the organization structure along the lines of authority established by the management.
Such communications are generally in writing and may take any of the forms; policy; manuals: Procedures and rule books; memoranda; official meetings; reports, etc.
Advantages & Disadvantages of Formal Communication:
The advantages of formal communication are:
They help in the fixation of responsibility and
Maintaining of the authority relationship in an organization.
The disadvantages of formal communication are:
Generally time consuming, cumbersome and
Leads to a good deal of distortion at times.
INFORMAL COMMUNICATION
Communication arising out of al those channels of communication that fall outside the formal channels is known as informal communication.
Built around the social relationships of members of the organization.
Informal communication does not flow lines of authority as is the case of formal communication.
It arises due to the personal needs of the members of n organization.
At times, in informal communication, it is difficult to fix responsibility about accuracy of information. Such communication is usually oral and may be covered even by simple glance, gesture or smile or silence.
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Formal communication is that which is connected with the formal organizational arrangement and the official status or the place of the communicator and the receiver. It moves through the formal channels authoritatively accepted positions in the organization chart. Formal communication is mostly in black and white.
Formal communication can be defined as, “A presentation or written piece that strictly adheres to rules, conventions, and ceremony, and is free of colloquial expressions.”
It connotes the flow of the data by the lines of authority formally acknowledged in the enterprise and its members are likely to communicate with one another strictly as per channels constituted in the structure. Thus, it is a purposeful effort to influence the flow of communication so as to guarantee that information flows effortlessly, precisely and timely.
It emphasizes the essence of formal channel of communication. The different forms of formal communication include; departmental meetings, conferences, telephone calls, company news bulletins, special interviews and special purpose publications.
The main advantage of formal communication is that the official channels facilitate the habitual and identical information to communicate without claiming much of managerial attention. Essentially, executives and mangers may devote most of their precious time on matters of utmost significance.
But at the same time, the weakness of formal communication should not go unaccounted. Communication through channel of command greatly obstructs free and uninterrupted flow of communication. It is, generally, time consuming, cumbersome and leads to a good deal of distortion. Therfore informal communication is the opposite.
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INFORMAL : Usually used with family and friends, contains shortened version of words, contains slang
FORMAL : Used in professional setting with proper conversation, no slang, manners are often used
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Formal and informal communications

Formal communications

Formal communications within an organisation are those that take place through well-known channels.

For example, the expansion of policy at UNISON comes from a formal procedure where it is dictated from the members upwards. Members discuss policy issues in their branches. Delegates from the branches then meet at the Annual Conference and debate and agree policy.

Formal communications would also include all of the paper-based and electronic communications that are available to members as well as the meetings that take place.

The expansion of policy at UNISON comes from a formal procedure where it is dictated from the members upwards.

Informal communications

Informal communications are those that are not based upon any set measures. This does not mean that such relations are outside the networks of the organisation. They allow people to take the initiative into their own hands. This enables them to come up with ideas and plans.

For example, UNISON helps to share facts and skills through the publication of a communications catalogue – this is a system of formal relations. These formal communications help to empower members who are dealing day-to-day with problems and issues in the branches. This then leads to a new process.

Through informal communications with employers and their representatives, members feel that they are being supported. This helps them to take ownership of many problems as they work towards resolving them.
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Advantages of formal communication
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Formal communication is when you use sir or mam. For example when I address my husband's SGt. I would use How are you SGt. Basically you would use proper english and be respectful. Informal communication is when you use slang. I hope I'm right and that helps.
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Formal communication is the every day running of a company with the proper procedure and handling of the organization day to day activities, carry out the company plan and receiving feed back information to make the business be more viable.
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It depends what you are talking about. Formal in english is like hello and informal is hey. You would say hello if you were meeting someone important and hey if you where meeting  friend or family. In different languages it different. Another example, yes and yeah
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Formal communication is the form of communication which religiously follows the rules of language

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