Science, derived from the Latin word scientia, meaning knowledge, is both the system of acquiring knowledge based on specific scientific methods, and the complete, organized knowledge obtained through research. It is often referred to as pure science in order to differentiate it from applied science. Pure science seeks to describe basic forces and objects, with little or no emphasis on practical application of knowledge gained.
Applied science transfers scientific knowledge into physical environments. A theoretical model, for instance, may be tested by the application of formal science.
Another example is the solution of a practical problem through the application of natural sciences. Applied science is closely related to some areas of engineering. In industrial settings, the use of applied science is frequently referred to as research and development. The development of technology depends a great deal on applied science.
The term technology has its origin in the Greek technologia, from techne, meaning craft, skill or art, and logia, meaning study of. It is a far reaching concept dealing with the use and knowledge of crafts and tools within a species, and how the species' ability to adapt to and control its environment is affected by it.
Technology is the knowledge, making and use of techniques, crafts, tools and methods or systems of organization in the effort to serve a purpose or solve a problem. The term technology can be applied generally, or to specific fields, such as medical, information or construction technology.
Applied science is the application of pure science in order to create a practical application for knowledge, and plays a vital role in the development of technology. Technology is the knowledge and use of tools, crafts, methods and techniques created as the direct result of pure science and applied science or engineering.