What Are The Different Sub-branches In Science And Technology?


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There are a number of different branches of science where technology works closely with science. These are nanotechnology, biotechnology, medical technology and information technology.

• Nanotechnology

Nanotechnology is when scientific principles are applied in order to allow us to develop and use technology and matter on a tiny scale - namely less than 100 nanometers. The development of, and research into, nanotechnology is useful because it allows us to observe and manipulate substances which are too small for other forms of technology to cope with. Nanotechnology can be used for pretty much anything - from developing new materials with unique properties, to finding cures for elusive diseases like cancer.

• Biotechnology

Biotechnology is basically when organic processes or living organisms are used in order to provide some benefit for humankind. For example, micro-organisms, bacteria and even plants can be used in some way in biotechnology, while processes such as the decomposition of the human body can also be used for some benefit. The study and development of biotechnology has led to advances in medicine, agriculture and industry.

• Medical technology

Medical technology is any type of technology which allows us to cure diseases and live healthier and longer lives. Medical technology is broad ranging, and encompasses technology that allows us to diagnose medical conditions, treat and prevent medical conditions, improve people's quality of life and reduce or remove the chance of error in medical procedures. The term "medical technology" can be applied to a broad spectrum of technology, and can mean something as simple as the machine used to measure your blood pressure and heartbeat.

• Information technology

Information technology usually refers to a machine or device which has the capacity to store and retrieve information. This can include computers, cell phones, mp3 and mp4 players, even CDs, floppy-disks and USB sticks.

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