- Social Structure
Three major types of social structure theories need to be considered here, as listed below. There is considerable overlap between the three theories and it is often more a matter of a commentator's emphasis than actual differences in a theory that makes one different to another.
- Social Disorganization Theory
- Strain Theory
- Culture Conflict Theory
This so called 'Order Maintenance' has come under fire recently because the definition of disorder within the theory is very subjective. However, the theory is used extensively by the police.
Problems with the theories appear to arise over exact definitions of their components more than the theories themselves. The case of disorder in the broken windows theory is a classic example. However, the theories are sound enough to be used even in part by the authorities, so there is some merit to them.
Careful examination and refinement of the language used has to be done in order to expand or test the theory.