What is Organic Farming ?


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Manu gowda answered

Organic farming is a technique, which involves cultivation of plants and rearing of animals in
natural ways. This process involves the use of biological materials, avoiding
synthetic substances to maintain soil fertility and ecological balance thereby
minimizing pollution and wastage. In other words, organic farming is
a farming method that involves growing and nurturing crops without the use of
synthetic based fertilizers and pesticides. Also, no genetically modified
organisms are permitt

It relies on ecologically balanced agricultural principles like
crop rotation, green manure, organic waste, biological pest control, mineral
and rock additives. Organic farming make use of pesticides and fertilizers if
they are considered natural and avoids the use of various petrochemical
fertilizers and pesticides.

Federation of Organic Agriculture Movements
(IFOAM), an
international organization established in 1972 for organic farming
organizations defines goal of organic farming as:

“Organic agriculture is a production
system that sustains the health of soils, ecosystems and people. It relies on
ecological processes, biodiversity and
cycles adapted to local conditions, rather than the use of inputs with adverse
effects. Organic agriculture combines tradition, innovation and science to
benefit the shared environment and promote fair relationships and a good
quality of life for all involved…”

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