What Is The Difference Between Inductive And Deductive Research?


6 Answers

Connor Sephton Profile
Connor Sephton answered
Although the two terms may sound like quite complicated and scientific, it is quite easy to tell the difference between the two so you can figure out what they mean. Each one of these two methods is more important depending on the nature of the research.

First of all, inductive research is based on inductive reasoning or thought which turns a simple observation or thought into a general theory. In other words it takes one piece of information and tries to generalise it from there. A researcher’s thought path goes from the specific to general and a hypothesis is formed.

Deductive research however, is sort of the opposite of inductive but then again, it isn’t quite. Deductive research takes a lot of information that a researcher may have gathered or general information such as theories, laws or a principle and tries to draw a conclusion directly from that. A deductive thought transforms general theory into a specific hypothesis that a researcher is able to test and prove right or wrong. If the hypothesis is proved to be true or correct, then you may also say that the general idea that sparked the hypothesis is also true.

Neither one of these methods of research is necessarily better than the other, however both have their advantages and disadvantages depending on what research you are conducting. In interpersonal relationships inductive research tends to be the method that is used the most however for general scientific research, deductive research is more popular and the better one to use.
Anonymous Profile
Anonymous answered
Inductive research is based on inductive thought or reasoning which transforms specific observations into general theory. Here the researcher's thinking goes from the specific to the general. If he observes a pattern in society, he may form a hypothesis on it, conduct surveys or experiments to verify his hypothesis and thus reach a conclusion. However, deductive research is based on deductive thought which transforms general theory into specific hypothesis suitable for testing. In this case the researcher's thinking runs from the general to the specific. He may have a hunch about human behavior or some other social phenomenon and he proceeds to collect data to prove it right or wrong. Working deductively, he first states the theory in the form of a hypothesis and then selects a method by which to test it. If the data supports the hypothesis we conclude that his theory is correct.
Anonymous Profile
Anonymous answered
Deductive research approach inductive research approach
Theory Theory

Hypothesis Tentative Hypothesis

Observation Pattern

Confirmation Observation
Betty Guzman Profile
Betty Guzman answered

Lo enfoques de investigación basados en la lógica inductiva van de los casos particulares a los generales y suponen que las características de un objeto de estudio son fenomenológicas, y por ende se estudian de particular a particular, mientras que los enfoques deductivos, asumen una lógica de lo general a lo particular, aceptando que hay una constante legaliforme y causal expresada de manera regular en los casos específicos que pertenecen al mismo universo de estudio

Paty Carmona Profile
Paty Carmona answered

La diferencia entre el método deductivo y el inductivo es que el primero aspira a demostrar, mediante la lógica pura, la conclusión en su totalidad a partir de unas premisas, de manera que se garantiza la veracidad de las conclusiones. Por el contrario, el método inductivo crea leyes a partir de la observación de los hechos, mediante la generalización del comportamiento observado, lo que realiza es una especie de generalización, sin que por medio de la lógica pueda conseguir una demostración de las citadas leyes o conjunto de conclusiones.

Roberto Rosas Profile
Roberto Rosas answered

La diferencia entre ambos parte de la concepción del metodo del investigador:

El método deductivo: Es aquel que parte de datos generales aceptados como validos para llegar a una conclusión de tipo particular.

Deducción: Es un tipo de razonamiento que nos lleva:
a) De lo general a lo particular.
b) De lo complejo a lo simple.

El método inductivo: Es aquel que parte de los datos particulares para llegar a conclusiones generales.

Inducción: Es un modo de razonar que nos lleva:
a) De lo particular a lo general.
b) De una parte a un todo.

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