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What Are The Basic Problems Of Industrialization In Nigeria?

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Arianna Vaccaro Profile
Arianna Vaccaro answered
Anyone approaching this answer will probably give you a number of different answers as opinions will vary depending on their individual political stance and perhaps even personal background circumstances.

Staying neutral, I shall list some of the common problems people from Nigeria and across the world believe are contributing factors that are preventing the country from becoming an industrialized power:

  • Widespread poverty and unemployment means people cannot afford to go to school to become skilled workers
  • Massive inflation levels make it difficult, if not impossible, for manufacturers to make effective profit margins
  • Lack of education across the whole country, including lack of those trained in technical and non-technical fields.
  • Poor political planning and evaluation have led to some people saying there is a lot of corruption at a senior level 
  • Poor infrastructure including roads and rail links prevent businesses from growing and reaching wider markets
  • Lack of funding in education and development to train up new employees
  • Lack of support for local businesses from the government
  • Collapse of the global oil markets in 1980 stalled economic growth in Nigeria
  • Not a lot of support for manufacturing industry due to unfair tax system
  • Current industry involves dealing with foreign markets with not enough coming from within country
  • Problems with security make it difficult for some foreign businesses to invest in Nigerian companies

Industrialization in Nigeria can be problematic, because it leads to more automation, and therefore, fewer jobs for human beings. Workers without a lot of education or specific skills will be the first to suffer when increased automation is implemented.

Industrialization may also contribute to pollution that harms environments, animals, marine life, and people. Smog and pollutants from industrial smokestacks are just one example of this type of pollution; other examples might be toxic waste that runs into wells or waterways. Any country with more industrialization will need more resources to run factories, machines, and so on; these may require the increased usage of finite natural resources, such as:

• Crude oil
• Natural gas
• Mining deposits, such as shale or silver

Nigeria may also suffer from exploitation from multinational corporations; these types of conglomerates are already active in the country, and there will be more of them if industrialization continues. These companies may use finite national resources to meet their specific production goals; however, they may not put back into the community any benefits that make up for taking resources from the land. As well, multinational corporation administrators may not pay staff a competitive wage to work for them. Sometimes, employees in Africa are expected to work for much less money than they would if they lived in a developed country. Nigeria's low cost of living may result in continued, comparatively low wages in the event of increased industrialization.

Of course, there can also be benefits to industrialization; in general, it will promote the development of a more modern, technologically advanced society, Machines, computers, and factories will all need to be supported with the proper cabling systems, roadways, and energy sources. Therefore, industrialization may promote useful infrastructure that is beneficial to Nigerians. Usually, there will be a mixture of pros and cons when it comes to industrialization.
Zhu Yugang Profile
Zhu Yugang answered
The Problems Of Industrialization In Nigeria are environment pollution and energy decreasing.

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