- This is one of the main macro forms of communication as it is physically interacting with another person through language. This can sometimes form a barrier if you have a conversation between two people that speak different languages. However, it is the most common form of communication.
- This form of communication consists of a number of ways of listening. They are known as passive, active and competitive. Passive refers to a form of listening that aims to take in everything a person is saying however, the listener may not want to engage in any form of response. Active listening is when a person is genuinely interested in hearing what someone has to say and they also interact by asking questions and acknowledging what is being said. Competitive listeners are people that are not really focused on what the person is saying, however they are more concerned with what they are going to say in response.
- This type of communication arguably takes the longest to get the hang of. It is not an instant means of communicating for everyone and this is why it is taught at a young age through schools. There are a variety of types of writing whether it be stories and novels or formal letter writing.
- Reading is again a skill that is taught at a very young age as it is necessary for learning development and vocabulary. Initially children are taught to read phonetically which displays how the words should sound despite having a different spelling. This is also vital when people start to learn a new language.