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What Are The Six Major Branches Of Biology?

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Connor Sephton answered
The six major branches of Biology are ecology, zoology, genetics, evolution, botany, and microbiology. Ecology deals with the scientific study of the relationships between living organisms with respect to their natural environment. Some topics that are studied under ecology include ecosystems and their composition, distribution, amount, number, as well as the changing states of the organisms.

1. Zoology is the branch of biology that studies the animal kingdom as well as its structure, classification, evolution, individual habits, as well as habitat. Zoology studies the animals that are living but also those that have gone extinct.

2. Genetics is the science of genes and takes into account all matters dealing with heredity and variation in organisms. It is concerned with the molecular structure of genes which also includes the context of cell behaviour, inheritance patterns from parent to offspring, gene distribution, variation, and population change. The branch of genetics may be applied to any living system, from bacteria to humans.

3. Evolution studies the changes that occur over time in various populations of organisms. It studies the various traits inherited which include anatomical, behavioral, and biochemical. The evolution of any species occurs when there are changes that occur in inherited traits due to a variety of factors such as mutation, gene flow, and genetic recombination.

4. Botany studies the life of plants and covers a wide range of scientific disciplines related to plants, which include reproduction, growth, structure, development, metabolism, evolutionary relationships, and diseases. It originated to answer a need for the identification of poisonous and non poisonous plants which is why it is one of the oldest branches of science.

5. Microbiology deals with the study of microorganisms including unicellular and cell-cluster organisms. It also studies the immune system and how they interact with various microbes. Under microbiology are other sub disciplines which include mycology, virology, bacteriology, and many others.
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Anonymous answered
6 divisions of biology

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