What Are The Subdivisions Of Science?


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There are four major subdivisions of science: Mathematics, physics, chemistry, and biology. These are the most popular subjects found in a school's curriculum. Mathematics is a crucial foundation for any scientific study. Some of the branches of math include algebra, geometry, trigonometry, and calculus. Chemistry and physics are particularly math-intensive, but even biology requires the use of equations and problem-solving.

There are more divisions under each of the major four subdivisions of science. Biology is the study of living organisms. There are dozens of branches of biology, but there are a few that are in the forefront of research. Biochemistry focuses on chemistry involving living organisms, but on the cellular level. Anatomy/physiology focuses on the systems and their functions of living creatures.  Bioengineering involves research in biotechnology which affects medicine, medical technology, and ecology. Microbiology is the study of microscopic creatures. Agriculture is the study of farming and crops and their effects on populations.

Chemistry has several subdisciplines. Organic chemistry is the discipline that involves only organic materials and substances. Inorganic chemistry involves synthetic materials and substances. Biochemistry involves studying and experimentation with chemicals affecting and involving living organisms. Chemical engineering involves the creation of new chemicals and chemical compounds. Neurochemistry involves parts of the cell and cellular interactions and how their role within the nervous system.

Physics is the study of matter. Condensed matter physics involves mostly matter that is visible to the naked eye. The most common types of matter studied in condensed matter physics are liquid and solids. Atomic, molecular, and optical physics involves study and research in light reactions with various forms of matter. High energy and particle physics involves study of particle collisions. Astrophysics is closely related to astronomy. Astrophysics involves study and research in astronomical bodies and entities. All subdivisions of science have unique branches that involve the study of specific subjects and issues.

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