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What Are The Tools Of Earth Science?

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Samantha Mitchell Profile
Earth scientists will typically utilize tools from mathematics, chronology, biology, chemistry and physics to understand the evolution of Earth to its present state.

The tools that are used are as diverse as the studies that are taken.

For example, mathematical tools would be:

Old:
  • Abacus
  • Order of Operation Calculator
  • Slide rule, Napier's bones
  • Compass and ruler
  • Mental calculation
New:
  • Computers and calculators
  • Programming languages
  • Internet shorthand notations
  • Computer algebra system
  • Statistical analysis softwares
  • Biology
Biology uses tools from science. This will mean that a biologist has to show physical evidence for any ideas of theirs.

  • Chemistry
Chemistry involves a chemist working with chemicals within a chemical lab. Special clothing and equipment is used to study chemical reactions.

  • Physics
Physics relies on tools from mathematics. A theoretical physicist for example, applies numerical analysis, probability, statistics and mathematics and computers within their work. An experimental physicist develops techniques and instruments for collecting all data and uses tools from computer and engineering technology. Mathematics is used in trying to guess the outcome of nature. The guesses are a comparison to the workings of the real world.

Earth science is also called geoscience and encompasses all the sciences that are related to Earth. These Earth sciences study the solid earth, the biosphere, the oceans and the atmosphere. There are countless different sciences that are used in learning about our Earth, but basically there are four areas that are studied within Earth science. They are astronomy, oceanography, meteorology and geology.

  • Astronomy: The Science of our Universe
Astronomers study Earth materials, history and processes to understand the other planets.

  • Oceanography: The Science of our Oceans
Oceanographers work on developing the oceans as a positive resource and protecting it from negative human impact.

  • Meteorology: The Science of our Atmosphere
Meteorologists determine how the atmosphere affects the Earth's climate and weather.

  • Geology: The Science of our Earth
Geologists study Earth materials, structures and processes. The earth is changing all the time from when it was formed.

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