How Do Land-Forms Affect Climate?


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Robin Burden Profile
Robin Burden answered
The land-forms of the earth interact with the atmosphere in several ways. You only need to think about mountains as an example:

If a mountain is tall enough, it can affect the formation and distribution of rain, wind direction, and temperature.

How land-forms like mountains affect climate
Tall mountains can block sunlight from reaching large areas of land, due to the shadows that they cast. This can have a notable impact on climate.

The term 'orographic lifting' is used to describe the way mountains force air upwards - and the implications that this process has on climate are significant.

When air is pushed upwards by a landform, it begins cooling and saturating. This is the reason why one side of a mountain usually receives far more rain than the other.

The dry area that a mountain creates is often referred to as an example of the 'rainshadow effect', because rain is less frequent on land 'downwind' from a mountain.

Land-forms like mountain ranges also create breezes and wind-funnels, and these can have a direct impact on air pressure.

With wind rising and cooling between slopes and rises, this can cause a fluctuation between high and low air pressure that can impact the climate of an entire region.

Anonymous Profile
Anonymous answered
Landforms can affect things such as rainfall, temperature and sunlight exposure.

For example, think of a mountain: The mountain would cast a shadow affecting sunlight in those areas, also it might prevent rain from reaching the other side
Anonymous Profile
Anonymous answered
The following can affect the climate in Europe:

Mountains: Rainfall and wind.

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