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What Are The Branches Of Botany?

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Botany is the scientific study of plant life. It is one of the oldest branches of Biology because it is concerned with plants which are fit for human consumption and at the same time for the plants' medicinal value. The study covers plants, algae and fungi. It also includes the study of the growth and reproduction of plant life as well as its chemical properties and its relation with taxonomic groups. As such, Botany is further structured with different branches of study. These include:

● Paleobotany is the study of the history of plants through fossils.
● Dendrology is the study of trees, lianas and shrubs.
● Brylogy is the study of mosses, hornworts and liverworts.
● Pteridology is the study of ferns.
● Phycology is the study of algae.
● Palynology is the study of spores and pollen.
● Lichenology is the study of lichens.
● Plant Anatomy is the study of the plants' cell and tissue makeup.
● Plant Genetics study the genetic makeup of plants.
● Plant Morphology studies the life cycle as well as the structure of the plants.
● Plant Physiology studies the usefulness of plants.
● Ethnobotany is the study of human-plant relationship.
● Phytopathology studies the diseases of plants.
● Plant systematic classifies and names the plants.
● Phytochemistry is the study of the plant's chemistry and chemical processes.
● Phtyosociology studies the plant communities, together with its structure, development and its relationship with other species.
● Agronomy is the study of the application of Botany to produce crops.
● Pomology is the study of the cultivation of fruit bearing plants.
● Economic botany is the study of the economic value and uses of plants.
● Forestry focuses on the management of the forests.
● Horticulture concentrates on cultivating plants like fruits, vegetables, trees, shrubs, flowers, turfs, berries and nuts.
● Plant Ecology studies the importance and the role of plants in the eco system.

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