How Does The Relief:land And Soil Affect Natural Vegetation?


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Relief affects natural vegetation in different ways as land makes an impact on vegetation directly and indirectly whereas soil provides the basis. The nature of a landscape will affect the type of vegetation; therefore a fertile level is usually used for agricultural purposes. In addition, rough and rolling terrains provide areas of woodlands and grassy surfaces that develop and protect a range of wildlife. With regards to the effects of soil on vegetation, it all depends on the type of soil that is in place. Different types offer various types of vegetation. For example, a damp and marshy setting with deltaic soils will facilitate types of tress such as mangroves, which are generally found on the coastal areas of the tropics or subtropics. On the other hand, sandy soils located in dry desert areas will support prickly bushes and cactus where the aim of the plant is to conserve water.

It is important not to get confused with vegetation that aids the cultivation of crops and fruits as that is not a natural process. Natural vegetation refers to a community of plants which has grown relatively undisturbed by humans for a lengthy period of time and has grown naturally and independent of any human aid.

In addition to land and soil, vegetation also grows in accordance with the climate. The climate will be affected by the topography of an area which indicates how flat or mountainous a surface is. Therefore, on a high mountain the only type of plant likely to grow are spruce trees. On a flat surface where a mild climate operates all year round then palm trees are likely to surface. In addition, palm trees may also appear in an area that is affected by weather tempered by the ocean.

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