What is the chemical nature and physiological significance of the compounds that make up the cell membrane?


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Rebecca Hunt answered
Chemical nature of compounds that make up the cell membrane contains ions; its physiological significance is that it can cause dissolution of some biological and synthetic polymers that contain charged functional groups. Chemical natures of these compounds are common solutions of salts, acids and bases. Some gases might act as electrolytes under low pressure or high temperature conditions.

  • Physiological Significance

The primary of electrolytes and ions in physiology are calcium, potassium, sodium, chloride, hydrogen carbonate, and hydrogen phosphate.  However the electric charge of minus and plus point out that the substance is ionic in nature. It results to the imbalance distribution of electrons that causes chemical dissociation. Maintenance of this chemical nature in the cell membrane is significant because it regulates and greatly affects the hydration of the body and of the blood pH. This is vital for muscle and nerve functions. We all know that nerve and muscle functions play a very vital role in our day to day activities both physically and mentally.  This should be maintained by oral or by emergency intake of electrolyte that contain substance. For us humans, this is usually regulated by hormones.

  • Chemical Nature

Once the electrodes are placed in an electrolyte, it will automatically conduct electricity. It can't normally pass through the electrolyte but the chemical reaction take place at the cathode. It consumes electrons coming from anode. This results to negative charge cloud that results to the developments in the electrolyte in the cathode. The chemicals neutralized these charges and enable it to keep the reactions continuous. Chemical nature of the compounds that makes up the cell membrane is considered as concentrated if it has high absorption of ion. People may dilute it if by any chance it has low absorption. Once a high proportion of the solute disassociates, it means that it has strong electrolytes, if not it means that the chemical compound is weak.

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