There are several different types of volcanic eruptions that are often named after famous volcanoes in which that particular type of behaviour has been observed. Volcanoes can generally exhibit any number of these characteristics during eruption or activity.
There are three different metatypes of eruptions: Magmatic eruptions, phreatomagmatic eruptions and phreatic eruption.
Magmatic eruptions has five subtypes, Hawaiian, Strombolin, Vulcanian, Pelean and Plinian. Most of these types do include some lava flow however the lava is a relatively smooth flow that can be billowy, this is known as pahoehoe lava. Some kinds of eruptions are characterised by short-lived and explosive eruptions of lavas with intermediate viscosity, often ejected high into the air. Columns can measure hundreds of meters in height.
Phreatomagmatic eruptions are eruptions that arise from interactions between water and magma. Because of the interaction with water volcanoes with these characteristics are known to spew heavy amounts of steam and ash, unless it is a submarine eruption in which case it'd be underwater.
Phreatic eruptions or steam-blast eruptions are a type driven by the expansion of steam. When cold ground or surface water come into contact with hot rock or magma it superheats and explodes, fracturing the surrounding rock and thrusting out a mixture of steam, water, ash, volcanic bombs, and volcanic blocks.