Since it is not possible from the question to ascertain your whereabouts, it is not clear which nationalities would, from your standpoint, be foreign. That said, a number of chemists of differing nationalities are listed below;
- Alfred Nobel, (1833-1896)
Born in Sweden, Nobel is famous for the invention of dynamite. Perhaps more renowned is his lasting legacy, The Nobel Prizes, which were established by virtue of his last will and the enormous fortune left after his death.
- Antoine Lavoisier (1743-1794)
French chemist Lavoisier is often termed "the father of modern chemistry" and is credited with the discovery and naming of various elements, including oxygen, nitrogen and hydrogen.
- Robert Boyle (1627-1691)
Irish chemist Boyle is famous for his experiments in pneumatics and his theory Boyle's Law (a special case of the ideal gas law).
- Dimitri Mendeleev (1834-1907)
Mendeleev was born in Russia and is credited as the chemist who designed the original periodic table of elements.
- Amedeo Avagadro (1776-1856)
Italian chemist Avagadro is most notorious for his work in molecular theory, and is responsible for Avogadro's Law.
- Marie Curie (1867-1934)
Polish-born French chemist Curie pioneered research into radioactivity and was the first scientist to win two Nobel Prizes; the only one to do so in two separate disciplines. She also discovered two elements; polonium (named after her native Poland) and radium.
- Ernest Rutherford (1871-1937)
A British national from New Zealand, Rutherford is credited with the discovery of the radioactive half-life and also differentiated and named alpha and beta radiation. Rutherford is also notorious for his discovery of the proton
- Robert Wilhelm Bunsen (1811-1899)
German chemist Bunsen is known for the development of the Bunsen burner and is also known for the discovery of the elements caesium and rubidium.