• global warming
Now, more than ever, the planet is exposed to many different and damaging elements, such as carbon emissions from vehicles and chemical pollutants in waterways. Studying Earth science can be an effective way to understand more about the way the planet is constructed; this base knowledge may lead to a career in scientific research or environmental science. Earth scientists perform experiments and draw conclusions about the impact of variables upon the planet; they plan strategies to heal damage to the environment, through safer, "green" products, and through changes to government regulations.
Earth scientists may work with (and for) government agencies, such as the Environmental Protection Agency (EPA); these agencies are "watchdog' organizations that use Earth science to monitor the acts of corporations and private citizens. When abuses are found, these agencies use the reports and experiments of Earth scientists as proof of damage to the environment. Over the decades, Earth scientists have contributed to big changes in industrial business processes in factories, nuclear plants, chemical plants, and more.
Also known as geoscience, Earth science is all about understanding the planet's unique makeup; subtypes of Earth science include geology, oceanology, and glaciology. Therefore, taking care of the world's oceans, ice caps, and natural rock formations is dependent upon understanding how that must be supported and sustained. Right now, sustainability is an important issue in our world; this is largely due to the hard work and dedication of generations of Earth scientists. Earth science may be studied in universities, colleges, and other specialized post-secondary institutions. Students at these schools will learn how to apply the scientific method to experiments that may, one day, improve mankind's ability to sustain the earth and its atmosphere and waterways.