The study of chemistry within and for medicine is extremely important. Chemistry is essential for developing new medicines and learning about and developing on ones that already exist. Within medicine there are a number of different branches of chemistry that have an important role. These include biochemistry, clinical chemistry, physical chemistry and immunohistochemistry.
This is the study of the chemistry that occurs within living organisms. It focuses particularly on the structure and function of organisms' chemical components. Biochemistry governs all living organisms and all living processes. Biochemical processes help explain the complexity of life by controlling information flow and through the biochemical signalling and the flow of chemical energy through metabolism.
Also referred to as clinical biochemistry, medical biochemistry, chemical pathology or pure blood chemistry, this is the study and analysis of bodily fluids. Tests examine and measure the cells of blood as well as carry out blood clotting studies. These biochemical tests are carried out on any bodily fluid but mostly on serem and plasma.
Within medicine, physical chemistry is often studied in accordance with physics to fit within the sub discipline of biophysics. Physical chemistry is the study of chemical systems in terms of physical laws and concepts. It applies the practices, concepts and principles of physics to chemistry.
A more specific area of chemistry, immunohistochemistry refers to the process of detecting antigens in cells of a tissue section. This process is carried out by exploiting the principles of antibodies binding to antigens in biological tissue.
Each of these sub disciplines within chemistry, among many others, has an important role to play within medicine. Without them, we would not have the knowledge and variety of medical treatments that we have available today.