Can You Explain The Importance Of Plants To People And Animals?


2 Answers

Samantha Mitchell Profile
Food (including oxygen); non-food products; and aesthetic uses


A lot of human food will depend on plants. A human eats cereals, rice and wheat, other food staples include legumes, cassava and potatoes, it will also include vegetables and fruits, edible flowers, herbs and nuts. Beverages that come from a plant include tea, coffee, beer and wine. Sugar comes from sugar beet and sugar cane. We also have olive, sunflower, rapeseed, and soybean oil. Food additives are pectin, starch, guar gum and gum Arabic; these all come from a plant. Livestock animals such as goats, sheep, pigs and cows are herbivores and will feed mainly on cereal, plants and particularly grass. Plants also produce oxygen for us, if there were no plants, we would not survive for very long. Most animals will eat normal grass to help in clearing out their stomachs.

Non-food products

Buildings, paper, furniture and musical instruments are all made out of wood. Cloth is made from flax or cotton. Fossil fuels such as petroleum and coal come from plants. Medicines from different plants include morphine, quinine and aspirin. Herbs include feverfew, Echinacea and ginkgo. Cork, amber, resins, tannins, waxes, pigments, natural dyes, and essential oils are all derived from plants. Cosmetics, perfumes, shampoos, paints, soaps, and even chewing gum add to the list of products that are made from plants.

Aesthetic uses

Plants provide shade for animals and people, and also modify temperature. Plants help in preventing soil erosion, provide privacy, abate noise, reduce wind and modify temperatures. Plants are used in greenhouses and as houseplants. They are also used in gardens as shade trees, lawn grass, vines and ornamental trees, all of which help in giving us more oxygen. Living plant artistic forms will include bonsai, topiary, espalier and ikebana. Plants help with the tourism industry such as visiting historic gardens, tulip festivals, botanical gardens, forests and most importantly rain forests. Rainforests stop carbon emissions from being released into the atmosphere and help in preventing global warming. A lot of natural medicines have been discovered in the rainforests.

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