Anonymous

How Does Lightning Turn Into Glass When It Strikes The Sand?

14 Answers

Joe Gilbert Profile
Joe Gilbert answered
Lightning, can turn sand into glass by striking it and heating it to extreme temperatures. Then, with the disappearance of the heat source, the sand cools rapidly, forming glass. Lightning is created when static electricity is stored in the clouds. The charged particles, between the positively and negatively charged parts of the storm cloud, collide and freeze.

The static electricity becomes very intense, the electric field creates a conductive path between the earth (positively charged) and the bottom of the cloud (negatively charged) and lightning is created and channelled down this conductive path. Lightning bolts are hotter than the surface of the sun and where they strike, dramatic things can occur. One such result is the production of glass, when sand is struck by lightning. When lightning strikes a sandy place, such as a beach, the sand particles become extremely hot in a very short span of time.

As the heat descends down through the sand, it melts, then forms new bonds with one another. Now they are one glass entity, rather than lots of grains of sand. As a flash of lightning is, by definition, a very quick source of heat, this extreme temperature is promptly removed and the sand will cool very quickly. This intense heating and cooling is a part of the controlled glass-making process.

When done in an uncontrolled manner, it creates fulgurites. These are tubes of glass, which are created after the lightning strikes. The lower you go, their diameter will decrease. These glass tubes will have rough exteriors but smooth interiors. Fulgurites do not create glass, the kind you can drink out of, as they are not of the right strength and are not exactly glass, but are a glass-like substance. The chemical formula for fulgurite is Sio2 and ranges from black to gray.
wilbert u can call me sue Profile
Yes, when planting a metal rod on a sandy beach just before and electrical storm, the rods will act as lightning rod, the energy is then compressed at high temperature.  Wait at least a day for it to cool, pull out rod, if you were lucky, or had several rods chances are you will have wonderful glass formations.  Glass is made from sand, heated to extremely high temperatures.  Check on the web for glass blowing, as it will give you a better idea how this process is done.  Many documentaries, good to check online with science and nature programming
Mohammad Hussain Profile
Well I believe that you have a slight misunderstanding here, lightning doesn't turn into glass when it strikes sand, instead the heat produced by the lightning striking the ground is so intense that it melts the sand and turns it into glass. The same is with any object striking sand provided it should generate intense amount of heat to melt the sand and turn it into glass.
Anonymous Profile
Anonymous answered
First off all, as mentioned before, lightning does not turn into glass, rather the sand transforms into the glass. This is because the energy from the lightning (of which there is very much in a very small space) is transferred into the sand, which then causes to the snad to move extremely rapidly due to the excess in energy. While the said sand moves, it chemically bonds with all the other snad particles to form what we know as glass. Technically, kenetic energy from the heat from the electrical energy causes the particles to meld together, not the heat itself, but the heat causes the movement so it is debatable which causes the sand to turn to glass but regardless, the sand turns to glass and lightning can only turn into energy (being a meer bolt of electrical energy), because in general energies can only convert into toher energies and matter into matter (except for cases such as nuclear bombs but that is so complex it is basically negligable)
Anonymous Profile
Anonymous answered
Lightning doesn't turn into glass; its the sand that turns into glass. The glass in your window is produced by heating sand to a liquid then cooling it into a non-crystalline solid in a process called vitrification. Lightning produces enough heat when it hits the sand to produce this process.
Arthur Wright Profile
Arthur Wright answered
Sand, when super heated turns into glass and lightning is super hot so when it strikes sand, the sand turns into glass
Anonymous Profile
Anonymous answered
Lightning doesn't turn to glass when it hits sad, rather sand turns to glass due to the lightning striking it with intense heat (~50,000ºF), forcing the sand (silica) to melt and form glass! Yay
Anonymous Profile
Anonymous answered
Well when it hits the ground of the heat of 30,000 degrees it is like fire and can turn sand into glass .
Anonymous Profile
Anonymous answered
Sand and glass are made of same chemical called silicon dioxide. When lightning strikes the sand, it quickly melts the silica. If it cools quickly, it forms a amorphous glass.
Ady Mat Profile
Ady Mat answered
It is the tiny particles of silica which are found in abundance in sand gets melt with lightening heat to make glass over sand.
deep midnight Profile
deep midnight answered
Umm lightning doesnt make glass when the sand gets to a certain heat the sand will form a glossy cover turning it into glass
Anonymous Profile
Anonymous answered
You take the lightening and hit the easy button from staples and that turns the sand into glass!
Anonymous Profile
Anonymous answered
The sand turns into glass not the lightning....if you heat sand to extreme temp. It melts and turns into glass...which can be shaped or molded, then can be polished.

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