Who Are Some Foreign Biologists And Their Contributions?


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Here is a list of 11 foreign (non-English) biologists who made major contributions in the history of science.

1. Aristotle (Greek; 384-322 B.C.) He was a philosopher and scientist. He created a framework of knowledge that served as the foundation for much of the science and philosophy of ancient and medieval times, and therefore for science of the present day and is sometimes called the father of biology. He described plant and animal specimens received from all over the Alexandrian empire.

2. Leonardo da Vinci (Italian; 1452-1519) He is best known as an artist but he also had one of the best scientific minds of his time. His research included zoology, geology and paleontology.

3. Anton van Leeuwenhoek(Dutch; 1632-1723) He was a cytologist who invented various single lens microscopes and discovered various microbes (protists).

4. Carl Linné (or Carolus Linnaeus) (Sweden, 1707 to 1778) Linne is known as the father of taxonomy. He constructed the hierarchic system of classification that group species by which we still nominate all living things. He also discovered a lot of new species and compiled a book of all the species known in its time.

5. Georges Cuvier (French; 1769-1832) He founded vertebrate paleontology as a scientific discipline and created the comparative method of organismal biology. He also established the fact of the extinction of past lifeforms.

6. Louis Agassiz (American, 1807-1873) He was a palaeontologist and one of the great scientists of his day, a "founding fathers" of the modern American scientific tradition. He was also a lifelong opponent of Darwin's theory of evolution but his criticisms on evolution helped provide evolutionary biologists with insights.

7. Gregor Mendel, (Austrian, 1823-1884) He worked on genetics; he was a botanist who discovered 'inherited traits' by cross-breeding pea plants.

8. Louis Pasteur (French, 1822 - 1895) He was the first person to use a vaccine (which he named) and understand that a weakened bacteria could protect the body. He created 'pasteurization' (a process that kills microbes via heat).

9. Santiago Ramón y Cajal (Spanish; 1852-1934) He is known as the 'father' of neuroscience. He improved the Golgi method to stain neurons and described the microscopical structure of almost every part of the nervous system.

10. Edward Drinker Cope (American; 1840-1897) He was a paleontologist and evolutionist. He believed that changes in developmental (embryonic) timing, not natural selection, was the driving force of evolution.

11. Barbara McClintock (American; 1902-1992) She was geneticist and won the Nobel Prize in 1983 for her discovery that certain genes in corn can move from one position to another along the length of a chromosome, causing genetic mutations.
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George Sars (1837-1927) Norway -Marine biologist and a pioneer for fisheries science who researched cod populations
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Anton Von Leeuwenhoek he design the first microscope
-discovered microorganisms
thanked the writer.
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Louis pateur...he's a microbiologists who created pasteurization(a process that kills microbes via heat)=)
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William   Harvey-Discover circulation of blood
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James Watson and Francis Crick- American and british du io responsible for elucidation of dimensional structure of DNA.
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Darwin-Evolution Theory.
Watson & Crick-DNA model.
Alexander Fleming-discovery of penicillin.
Louis Pasteur-Germ theory of the infectious diseases.
Josep Trueta-method to treat war wounds and by the discovery of double circulation in the kidney.
Santiago Ramón y Cajal-improved the Golgi method to stain neurons and described the microscopical structure of almost every part of the nervous system.
Rita Levi-Montalcini-discovered nerve-growth factor (NGF), the first cell-growth factor discovered.
George Palade-discoveries about the structure and function of the cell, made using electron microscope and diverse biochemical techniques.
Szent-Gyorgyi- isolated ascorbic acid (vitamin C) and for his discovery of the muscular proteins actine and miosine and several metabolic reactions of cellular breathing.
Konrad Lorenz-one of the founders of ethology, a new biological science that studies animal behavior.
Hans Krebs-famous for his discorvery of the "trycarboxilic acids cycle", also named "Krebs cycle".
Rudolph Virchow-developed the cell theory and applied it to explain the causes of diseases.
Aaron Klug-famous for his investigations on the three-dimensional structure of some viruses and chromatin.
Carl Linne-known as the father of taxonomy.
Ivan Pavlov-discovery of the “conditioned reflex".
Artturi Virtanen-famous for his studies about fermentations and applications to human and animal nutrition, considered a precursor of modern biotechnology.
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Gregor mendel=>father of science of genetics
anton van leeuwenhoek=>introduced the first home made microscope
robert hook=>first scientist dicovered cell
charles darwin=>evolution theory
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I think Aristotle and his contribution in the field of biology is he is the father of biology and he divide the animals and plants.
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HEnry macapagal------ me I'm   the bast battle realms player in the   arts of biology!
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Totoy bato was discovered the rock

captain barbel was discovered the barbel

and superman and superwoman was discovered the men and women!!!

I hope its RiGht

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