What Is Economic Importance Of Different Landforms?


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Charlie Gilbert answered
Mountains, plateaus and plains each bring different levels of economic importance and value.

There are a number of reasons why mountains are economically important. For a start, mountains are the origin for a number of valuable resources like coal and limestone. Forests in the mountains can be utilized for:
  • Wood
  • Timber
  • Pulp
  • Herbs

The rivers that are found near mountains make them invaluable as a source of water. These rivers can also be used to create renewable energy through hydro-electricity. Due to their often scenic surroundings, mountainous areas are also fantastic locations for tourism

Plateaus also carry considerable economic importance. For example, the large grassy areas situated around the plateau make them ideal for rearing animals like goat, sheep and cattle. This then allows for produce like meat, milk and wool that can be sold.

The other economically significant landform is plains. These are slightly sloped or flat surfaces that make up roughly 55% of the surface of the earth. They offer considerable value through the fertility of the soil that is found there. This means that irrigation is much simpler to develop and therefore plants and livestock can be kept there.

The flat land also has the capacity to help develop local cities and towns. This is done by creating roads, railway lines and even runways and airports to expand travel possibilities and in turn tourism. Not only this, but towns and cities can be easily expanded on the flat surface of the plains.

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