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What Are The Branches Of Natural Science?

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The branches of natural science are:

  • Astronomy
  • Biology
  • Chemistry
  • Earth Science
  • Physics
  • Atmospheric Science
  • Oceanography
  • Material Sciences
Astronomy: This discipline studies the science of celestial phenomena and objects that originate from outside the atmosphere of the Earth. It deals with the motion, the meteorology, the chemistry and the physics of celestial objects, and also formation as well as development of our universe.

Biology: This field of science encompasses disciplines that examine phenomena that are related to all living organisms. Studies can vary from complex ecologies to sub component biophysics. Biology concerns itself with the behaviors, classification and characteristics of organisms, and the formation of species and their interaction with the environment and each other.

Chemistry: Constitutes the scientific studies of matter at molecular and atomic scales and deals mainly with the collection of atoms, for example molecules, gases, metals and crystals.

Earth Science: This is also referred to as Geoscience. It is an all-encompassing term for sciences that are related to Earth as a planet, and includes geophysics, geology, hydrology, physical geography, meteorology, soil science and oceanography.

Physics: Encompasses the studies of the fundamental components of our universe, the interactions and forces that they exert on each other, and the subsequent results of these interactions. The science of physics relies a great deal on mathematics for the quantification and formulation of principles.

Atmospheric Science: This field studies the unique characteristics of the atmosphere and its different layers, from near ground level to the edges of space.

Oceanography: The serious scientific study of oceans started at the beginning of the 1900s to the mid 1900s.

Materials Sciences: This originally developed as a scientific field within metallurgy, and the scientific study of materials has expanded into other materials besides metals. This field of science covers the engineering, physics and chemistry applications of different materials that include artificial polymers, ceramics, metals and many more.

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